Ximopanolti (welcome)!!

"For as long as the world shall endure, the honor and the glory of Mexico-Tenochtitlan must never be forgotten."
~ Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin

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Saturday, September 9, 2017

The Mexica (Aztec) version of the bulletproof vest

Alright fam, so you've probably heard of Kevlar, a high-strength material used in bulletproof vests. It was invented by Europeans of course... without a doubt. However, here's a fun fact. Did you know that the Aztecs actually came up with bulletproof vests too? This was completely by mistake. Here's a picture I stole from Mexicolore, which is a really cool website that you should go on. I think I might add that to my link list. 



As you can see, it's basically thick cotton padding that was worn by soldiers. The cloth frame would be soaked in salt water to maker it really hard and then "paper-mached" into a thick vest and left in the sun to dry. You'll be surprised how effective this was. It could stop spears thrown by the atlatl and later they found out it could also stop the Spanish musket shots too.

In case you didn't know, the atlatl was basically a device used to make spear throwing more effective and deadly. It wasn't invented by the Aztecs but it was used a lot by them, and the word atlatl comes from the Nahuatl language. It's actually a super old invention from prehistoric times. The Australian aborigines also had their own version of it called a woomera (I may do a post on them soon lol as an off-topic fun post even though they're not native american. They're kinda my second favourite culture now). So yeah, the atlatl/woomera can go like 80 miles per hour xD . That's what the vests were originally meant to stop. But then they found out that they were bULLeT ProOF too! WhOa!

So anyway, the Europeans began to use the same type of technology. They found out that this type of bullet proof vest was also more comfortable than their steel armor. Armor was changed forever. 

You can learn about other epic Aztec innovations in this Ted talk I did: http://youtu.be/1DVWVlkAKuA
Note: copy paste the link into your browser if it doesn't work :P thanks fam. 

Sunday, September 3, 2017

Synopsis and Excerpt from “The Turtle Island Explorer”

Here you can check out the synopsis and excerpt of my upcoming novel, The Turtle Island Explorer.



Synopsis
Chief Mikinak Pikawakanagan, the leader of a prestigious Native American rights organization, believes that the key to decolonization and liberation lies in learning from what indigenous societies were like before the arrival of Europeans. After gathering the research of scientists from all over the world, Mikinak manages to perfect a time machine he calls 'the Turtle Island Explorer'. Now two brave volunteers are faced with a frightful assignment: to test out Mikinak's creation. They learn the hard way that the universe punishes those who dare to play with time.
Excerpt from chapter 5
"I have but only praise and wholehearted support for it. Indigenous people have been an inspiration to all oppressed peoples in the world. Your manifesto does a wonder job of addressing the injustices that your people face."
Mikinak felt uncomfortable. Taharka's facial expressions weren't matching his kind words. What was he hiding?
"Very well then. What about the machine?"
Here Taharka paused and bit his lower lip, as if restraining himself from bursting out something disrespectful.
"Forgive me, chief, but I think it is extremely ridiculous and has caused me to lose all the faith I had in your movement. I am very disappointed that you would pursue the creation of such a thing. You don't believe in Christianity, the religion that was forced upon your people, so why would you believe in such an impossible and foolish thing as this?"
"That will be enough" snapped one of Mikinak's followers.
Mikinak turned to his disciple. "No, no, Tecumseh. Let Taharka continue. He has raised a valid concern. The Turtle Island Explorer is indeed a very ambitious invention."
"Your people live in terrible conditions on reservations. They are constantly discriminated against. Their sacred sites are being trespassed on by the American government. Why aren't you addressing these problems? Why are you wasting your time?" Taharka demanded.
"We have fought for the rights of our people, believe me. No one shows up more at protests that we do. No one raises as much money with fundraising efforts."
"My apologies, chief. I didn't mean to say that you don't do anything for them, but this project is just so weird."
"But if it were possible, would you not agree that it would be the key to solving many of the problems of both my people and yours and so many others?"
"Of course, if we want to revert back our communities to how they were hundreds of years before, nothing could be more valuable. Any knowledge of our history before European contact would only help to empower us all."
Before anyone could run to assist the old man, chief Mikinak flew over to the other side of the room with inhuman speed and grabbed the end of the large black cloth that covered the creation.
"Then here is your answer! Ladies and gentlemen, I present to you the Turtle Island Explorer!"
He unveiled the creation and smiled at the huge collective gasp that came from his followers and Taharka.
"Neters! A machine like this can only be a time machine!"
Everyone felt power radiating from the creation and they knew it was true.
"Indeed, and I have sent for a brave man, the regional IPLP chairman of the Eastern Woodlands, to test it out! He shall be here any minute now."
Taharka was stunned with awe. Chief Mikinak was generally very pleased to have an ally like him.
The Turtle Island Explorer will soon be available for reading on Amazon Kindle for a very low price, and for free to anyone who follows this blog. Please also follow my Facebook page to keep up to date with my books: facebook.com/freyaabbasauthor

An Ancient village in British Columbia is older than Egypt's pyramids

It's quite well known that indigenous people have lived in the Americas for a super long time, but how long exactly? Archaeologists believed it was for around 12,000 years, but now they've discovered the ruins of an ancient settlement on Triquet island, northwest of Victoria, British Columbia which is 14,000 years old. They have unearthed lots of Ice Age weapons, fish hooks, etc. You can read more here: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/14000-village-discovered-triquet-island-british-columbia-canada-oldest-settlment-north-america-a7673726.html This is why indigenous people have every right to be outraged when they have to negotiate land rights with European settlers, who've only been here for a few centuries. Indigenous people have been here for longer than we've thought. Britain has only been occupied by people for 12,000 years. This discovery proves that indigenous people have been in the Americas for longer. Australian aboriginals have also been in Australia for longer than people have been in Britain, making them the oldest continuous culture on earth. Welp. That's all I have to say. Have a gr8 day everyone.


Saturday, September 2, 2017

This is exactly what an ancient Peruvian queen looked like


The Moche civilization of Peru (100-700 AD) was long thought by historians to be a patriarchal society. This belief was shattered in 2005, when a female mummy known as "the Lady of Cao" was found among buried gold treasures. In July2017, archaeologists have been able to reconstruct what this powerful ruler looked like. 3D imaging technology and forensics archaeology, along with a study of the skull which took 10 months, have now yielded this epic result. 

My favourite thing about this awesomeness is that most indigenous people today still look like this. People are always talking about them being mixed with Europeans, trying to get indigenous people to not associate with the glorious civilizations their ancestors created, but the truth is they're still the same people. They can see themselves in this 1700 year old face. Colonizers settling here hasn't made a huge impact on their genetics. After all, Europeans have only been here for around 500 years and they've been here for at least 12,000. 

You can read more about this epic archaeological discovery here: 
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-40502368 

By the way, check out this super cute Hetalia-inspired drawing of Incas <3 :="" font="" nbsp="">

If you have a DeviantArt account, pleade +watch OldSting, the artist, for more! 

That's all for today, fellow wannabe historians! 

And remember: 

ama sua ama llulla ama quella


Saturday, August 19, 2017

Friday, August 18, 2017

6 Foods you didn't know were from the Americas

Alright, so this post is going to be about foods that you didn't know were cultivated by indigenous people for thousands of years before the Columbian Exchange, which started with Columbus' first voyage to the Americas in 1492. The Columbian Exchange was the movement of the following things between the 'Old World' (Asia, Europe and Africa) and the New:

  • Crops- the focus of this post
  • Animals- such as horses that were introduced to the New World, plus many exotic birds from the Americas were taken to Europe. For example, the Cuban Amazon parrot was given to Queen Isabella as a gift from Columbus. 
  • People- for example, European colonists and African slaves arrived in the Americas. A few Native Americans were abducted and taken to Europe.  
  • Culture- and religion too, which in many cases was forced on the local population. 
  • DISEASES- bEWAre.
  • Technology and ideas- pretty complicated to explain but super interesting. 


Alright so I'll get on with it soon, but first there is a pressing question that we must answer: Has my art improved in 4 years?

 I'll let you be the judge of that! 


Wannabehistorian1491's art circa 2013 anno domini 


 NOW

This was a normal everyday occurrence in the shady alleyways of Tenochtitlan. Just kidding. Pears aren't even native to the Americas. However, many surprising crops are. Obviously maize and quinoa are both native to the Americas (everyone knows that), but here are some crops and foods you wouldn't expect:


  • The Dragonfruit (or Pitaya) Lots of people think these are from Asia, but they actually originate in Southern Mexico. The Mayan word for them was "wob". I've made a post on it in detail which you can read here. 

  • Potatoes No, they're not from Ireland. They were first cultivated in the Andean region. National Potato day is celebrated every year in Peru.
  • Guavas I didn't know these were from Central America O_o ... but maybe because I'm just dumb.
  • Turkey Many people around the world don't know they're from the Americas. Take a look at this awesome comic by Itchy Feet (a webcomic about travel and linguistics). As you can see, people think it is from random af places when it is actually from North America. Since I think it is stupid that the Americas aren't just considered one super large continent, I think Indians come close enough when they think it's from Peru. 

  • Sunflowers Although the crop was commercialized by Russia, sunflower seeds were eaten by many Native American tribes and are from here. The flag of the Hopi nation has sunflowers on it:
  • Tomatoes What would Italian cuisine be without them? They were once thought to be poisonous, but now they're used in a lot of things we eat today, like ketchup.


                                                           I hope you enjoyed this post :D 












Thursday, August 3, 2017

The Atahualping Challenge is the coolest new social media trend

When the Spaniards met the Inca emperor Atahualpa, they showed him a Bible. Legend has it that Atahualpa tossed it away like it was nothing. Today people in Peru are reenacting this. It's a really creative and awesome way for them to support indigenous resistance. 





via GIPHY

Of course, there are stupid people that are overly offended by this. It's just a historical reenactment though :D . It's also rejecting religious indoctrination, promoting indigenous resistance, and raising awareness of the fact that the Spaniards used religion as an excuse to kill thousands of people. Just because people may get offended by this doesn't mean it's bad. Seeing this social media trend actually made my day and I thought it was the coolest thing ever, some of my Christian friends even said the same. If you're a follower of this blog, chances are you will probably agree with me and think this is awesome as well. 

Well, have a nice day fellow wannabe historians ;D 

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

This story about Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl has more feels in it than Romeo and Juliet

Alright, so this legend is Mexica (Aztec) and has been passed down from generation to generation. There are quite a few different versions, so I'm just going to stick to the coolest one. They're all really similar anyway. This story is about the mountains Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, which overlook the valley of Mexico, and why they are shaped the way they are. Popocatépetl is an active volcano and Iztaccihuatl is a very low volcano which has been inactive for thousands of years and which some say is in the shape of a woman sleeping on her back.



The story that I'm about to tell you is extremely romantic and will give you the feels if you're that sort of person, so I suggest you get a box of tissues and some soothing hot chocolate before you start reading it. Chances are that if you've cried at the end of the Shakespeare play "Romeo and Juliet", you'll cry even more after hearing this. 


Once upon a time, there was a princess named Iztaccíhuatl and a warrior named Popocatépetl who were i n  l o v e . However, Iztaccihuatl's father did not want them to get married. So he told Popocatepetl that he would let the warrior marry Iztaccihuatl if he returned from battle with the head of some person that Iztaccihuatl's father hated. The emperor assumed and hoped Popocatepetl would just die. 

I like this drawing because she's like "noooo don't leave me" and he's like "I'm sorry but I must." The artist's name is Nadine Takvorian.



While Popocatepetl was away, the emperor assumed he would die, so he arranged for a bunch of other suitors for his daughter. One of these suitors gave Iztaccihuatl the false message that Popocatepetl had died. Upon hearing this, Iztaccihuatl killed herself with a dagger. 
This is me at this point in the story.

Soon Popocatepetl came back victorious with the head of the enemy, but he was devastated upon learning  that Iztaccihuatl had died. He needed some way to honour her, so he carried her body into the mountains. 

Credits to Nadine Takvorian 

He stood there watching Iztaccihuatl and soon the gods turned the star-crossed lovers into mountains so that they could be together forever. That's why the volcano of Iztaccihuatl resembles a d e A d woman. Every time Popocatepetl remembers his beloved, the volcano smokes. That's the soul of Popocatepetl calling out to Iztaccihuatl or something like that. 

IDK who the artist is

It's a really moving story *coNSumEd by FEeLs*. What do you think of it? Does it remind you of anything that has happened in your love life? Were you once involved in a forbidden romance? Thanks for checking out this blog and be sure to follow!


Monday, July 3, 2017

The Legend of the Piasa Bird and a rant on pseudo-historical "theories"

Have you ever heard a pseudo-historical 'theory'? This can be like someone claiming the Olmecs were black just because those Olmec heads supposedly had African looking features. Yeah right xD I don't think so. Other hilarious pseudohistory includes claiming that various ancient civilizations were descended from aliens or saying that everything that happened in the Bible is fact.

All 17 of the colossal Olmec stone heads found have chubby cheeks and flat noses. Many Mexican people still have those features today.
Now, aside from being laughable because they aren't based on any evidence, most pseudo historical statements are actually really racist and people who promote them don't realize the damage they are doing. By saying that the Olmecs were black you're offending Mexicans and other indigenous people by taking away a part of their heritage. You're also making it seem as if Africans don't have plenty of other things they should be proud of. The same is true when you insult an ancient civilization by saying it had something to do with aliens. And people who think everything that happened in the Bible is fact? At least consider that the Bible has been modified and translated for hundreds of years. There's no way everything in it is even what was originally intended to be there.

Oh yeah and lets not get started about what race the ancient Egyptians were. Why does everyone have to say they were either all white or all black? Can't we just accept that Kemet was mixed?

So why did I start off my post with ranting about pseudohistory? Well because I've noticed that Native Americans never really get anything out of pseudohistory. There are plenty of eurocentrics and afrocentric theories, but no indigenous-centric theories. I hate ALL pseudohistory of course, but I suppose they are good for getting a good laugh out of and writing fanfiction and alternate history on. The danger only comes when people actually start believing in the interesting fantasies as truth. So if we're going to say that pseudohistory is valuable because it allows us to be creative, then I suppose we should add some indigenous-centric "theories" to the pile. Yay!

I've discussed this with a really good indigenous internet friend of mine, and she seemed to approve of the idea. So lets do this!

So lets say that the Mexica/Aztec god Quetzalcoatl was responsible for introducing civilization to the Old World. This is why some of the art and mythology of the Middle East totally resembles the Piasa bird:


I mean this obviously looks like a griffin or a sphynx or a dragon or something, right? Ugh the only reason why no one is believing this theory now is because I'm saying Native Americans were the original people who came up with this. If I reversed it, people would be more okay with it. 

All jokes aside, here is the legit myth behind the Piasa Bird... 

Just because the religion/spirituality of indigenous people was more scientific, doesn't mean they didn't have some cool mythology :D This one comes from the Illini people from the upper Mississipi River valley.



Alright so the Piasa bird was this huge scary creature with deer antlers, wings, fish scales and eagle talons that was said to have come from over the eastern sea (omg this actually helps support the pseudohistorical theory I came up with). Its name means "bird that devours men" in the Miami-Illinois language. It was said to have terrorized and sp00ked everyone in the early days of the Illini confederation until a brave archer named Terahionawaka and the village chief, Ouatoga, figured out how to defeat it. Ouatoga told Terahionawaka that the underside of the dragon-bird thingy's body was completely unprotected by its scales. So Terahionawaka fired arrows dipped in poison at the birb and then the birb died R.I.P. 

Our sources for this myth

Murals were painted of this creature on limestone cliffsides above the Mississipi river. These no longer survive today thanks to the Mississipi Lime Company from the 1870s (that really really sucks ugh because the old mural was really epic and was older than 900 CE and was created possibly by the Cahokian civilization). However, a replica mural has been painted in Alton, Illinois based on descriptions of the original murals which is open as a tourist attraction today. The first European to see the original mural was the French explorer Jacques Marquette in 1673, who came up with the pseudohistorical theory that Native Americans could never have been the ones who painted it because apparently the painting was soooo good that even French artists would find it difficult or something like that. In 1836, the professor John Russell was able to find out more about the Piasa bird, including the story behind it that local indigenous people told. What really sucks is that some folklorists believe John Russell made everything up. So who knows?

By the way, here is an AMAZING DeviantArt drawing by LittleFireDragon that shows how the dragon is the most universal mythological creature: http://fav.me/d47yd2r make sure you read the description.

It's so beautiful *_* 

Have a gr8 day!~ 




Sunday, July 2, 2017

Kokopelli- the humpbacked flute player and venerated fertility deity of the Southwest


It's about time I got serious with this blog, so now I've recreated it entirely and even changed the name to reflect my interests better. I'm wannabehistorian1491. That shall be my nickname on the internet from now on. I originally started this blog when I was 10, which explains the awkward name this blog used to have. But now I'm going to become legit. You can now access this website with the URL www.wannabehistorian1491.tk  as well as the previous address it used to have. This is to avoid losing followers. I've also changed the appearance of this blog greatly. The background is now a tiled kokopelli design. 

Kokopelli was a deity of southwest native americans, such as the Hopi, Zuni, Apache, Navajo, and Pueblo people. Depictions of Kokopelli have been found on pottery as well as on prehistoric American rock carvings. He loves music and can be seen playing a very ancient Anasazi flute. He's also a trickster god like Loki from Norse mythology and is associated with agriculture, pregnancy, rain, childbirth and fertility. He's humpbacked because he carries seeds on his back. So why did I use Kokopelli to represent this blog? Well because in addition to being a fertility god, Kokopelli was the deity that ruled over creativity. I think that makes it have a more special meaning for me.




Monday, June 26, 2017

Canada 150 DOs and DON'Ts



Hi there guys! Sorry I haven't updated the blog much recently. Sorry that all my posts begin with "Sorry I haven't updated the blog much recently". Well now that the summer vacation is almost here, I'm making plans of what to do with my life when there is no school to look forward to (ye so I'm lowkey a nerd). My grandparents have also recently come to visit from India. I really want to show them what Canada is all about by taking them to some iconic historical sites and all, and of course a huge part of that will be telling them stuff about Canada's indigenous people. 

Alright so it just so happens that Canada's 150th anniversary of confederation is coming up. I'm probably the least patriotic person you will ever meet and I actually hate the governments of all countries (though I love all their cultures but more on that later), but even I couldn't help but feel a little excited. I mean, it's a once in a lifetime event. The federal government is going to spend half a billion dollars on it and there will be discounts everywhere to visit museums, historic sites, etc. For a Seeker of High Culture like me, that sounds pretty terrific. It would just be such a waste to stay at home and rant on my blog about how Canada is guilty of genocide and should be using all that money to pay reparations while it is instead flaunting everything it stole from indigenous people. So I just wanted to say that there's a good and a bad way to approach this dilemma. I bet you no one who follows this blog likes the idea of Canada 150, but my disciples please remember that we must learn to make the most of even the worst situations. So, read on. 






DO:
  • Get educated on what this celebration is all about if you don't know much about the history of confederation already. Yes I'm talking about grade 7 history when you learned all about John A. MacDonald's vision of uniting British North American colonies a mari usque ad mare. Please don't be one of those people who are like all into the celebration but don't know what the Charlottetown Conference was. Please. We need to be better than some Americans are on July 4th. 

  • View the day not as a measure of how far we've come as a nation, but how far we still have to go. 

  • Remember that patriotism is stupid. No exceptions. Not even Mexican patriotism even though Mexico>Life. Oops. 

  • Remember that Canada is what it is because of the genocide of First Nations people.

  • Take advantage of the discounts to popular tourist attractions. See if you qualify for a FREE Discovery Pass http://www.commandesparcs-parksorders.ca/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?storeId=22953&urlLangId=-1&productId=524528 . 

DON'T:

  • Skip reading this brilliant article by Pamela Palmeter, Chair in Indigenous Governance at Ryerson university: 

Canada 150 is a celebration of Indigenous genocide

This year, the federal government plans to spend half a billion dollars on events marking Canada's 150th anniversary, prompting a great deal of debate about its historical treatment of Indigenous peoples. The majority of Canadians don't have all the facts about that, while First Nations continue to live the crisis-level effects of that legacy. Perhaps Canada should cancel its celebrations and undertake the hard work necessary to make amends.

MARCH 29, 2017
 
5:43 PM







  • Say anything that would imply you think Canada is in any way "better" than other countries. 
  • Do anything degenerate. Like actually, I think you know what I mean by now and I can trust you now, right? I can unleash you upon the world now with no regrets. 
Alright so now that that's out of the way I want to take a few more moments to just talk about my life and what my plans are for the summer. I want to talk about some novels I will be working on. You may have heard a bit about them if you've been checking out my writing page which u can click here to see. One of them is about two communists who time travel back to the Aztec civilization and try to introduce their ideals to the MexiCa WorLd. It also doubles as a bildungsroman tale of a Mexica teenager who is trying to discover her views on politics, love, and all the rest of that sort of stuff that we try to figure out at this age. The other one I'll be working on is a sequel to the book I wrote that won NaNoWriMo 2016. If you want to read that award winning book, go to the writing page of this blog or click here. It's about a huge cultural revolution that occurs and basically, I don't want to spoil it. But the sequel I will be writing will be on what happens after the revolution. The protagonists are trying to establish a World Government, kinda like the United Nations except that it actually has power. This way leaders will make decisions keeping the good of the citizens of the whole world in mind instead of just of their nation. I'm an anarchist as far as I don't believe in countries, but the world is my country and I would be patriotic to a government that actually benefits the world. 

Other random af stuff I'll be doing over the summer: 
  • Learning to play the harmonica so that I can perform a duet with Vickyish. 
  • Learning to play the bansuri (Indian bamboo flute) 
  • Practicing playing the regular flute 
  • Practicing playing the recorder even though recorders are gross 
  • Practicing playing the trumpet 
  • Making lots of art, possibly even venture into making a comic book. Who knows? 
  • Celebrating my birthday
  • Writing novels
  • "celebrating" Canada 150 ;D 
  • some activism related to aboriginal rights (I'll keep you posted on this for sure so that you know I'm being legit.) 
  • updating this blog regularly 
  • Working at a summer job which will be tutoring people who are learning English O_o 
  • Studying math, physics, chemistry and biology in advance so that I don't die in grade 11
  • Possibly studying history and philosophy for the fun of it 
  • Reading a bunch of random af books. Possibly just anything I can get my hands on, including everything from degenerate YA fiction to "The Republic" by Plato. I'm not picky when it comes to books and I'll post some of my Goodreads reviews if any of you are interested. Ideally I would want to finish reading the Mexica Movement's recommended book list, but they are a bit hard to find. It doesn't help that a few of the books on that list are out of print. About time they wrote a compact manifesto, not that I wouldn't want to read everything else as well. 
Alright well that's it. 

have an awesome summer, everyone!



Thursday, May 11, 2017

Tuvan Throat Singing and other 'World Music' that I really like

Enjoy this random mixtape I put together :D Obviously I have way more, but I didn't want to overdo it. Sorry that the posts have been really short and uninteresting these days and that they've been sort of quantity over quality lately. 

Some throat singing from Tuva, the southern part of Siberia:




A song with Old Norse lyrics: 




Lol this doesn't really fit the genre, but it's made by an Irish Canadian musician who is inspired by world music:



Andean music:



A song in the Maori language:




Mongolian metal? : 



 A pilgrimage song with Latin lyrics:



 What other music suggestions do you have? Comment below and tell us!

Review: Frankenstein

Frankenstein Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
My rating: 4 of 5 stars

Very spooky. Gave me many nightmares. I'm only going to call this book "the modern prometheus" from now on. I liked the framed narrative. I liked how there was a framed narrative inside a framed narrative at some parts when the monster was speaking. I liked all the stuff that was typical of romantic era writers, like descriptions of sublime nature and people from other cultures and the warnings about science going too far. I like how the monster was shown to be so intelligent and persuasive and have superhuman strength and speed. You really felt bad for him because it seems as though he could have done as much good as his creator had caused him to do evil. Even though the story was from Victor's perspective so it was constantly trying to make the monster look bad, you eventually came to the realization that Victor is really in the wrong. He shouldn't have just let his creature loose without becoming like a father to it or something. He didn't even give the monster a name. He really has no one to blame but himself for the death of his entire family.

View all my reviews

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Goodreads Review: Sophie's World

Sophie's World Sophie's World by Jostein Gaarder
My rating: 5 of 5 stars

This was beautiful, not only because of all the lessons on philosophy that were embedded into it but because of the awesome mystery of the characters that made you keep turning the pages. The writing style is very different from anything I've ever read before, with all that "romantic irony" plus the fact that it was a story inside a story inside a story sometimes. The ending was really well done as well. I wasn't expecting it to end that way. I love how they became immortal characters in the end.  There were also parts that were really funny, for example whenever Alberto Knox would be explaining a philosophy concept, the interjection of Sophie would always be something really comedic.

So even though this book is awesome, I didn't know whether to give it 5 stars or 4, but I decided on 5. The slight imperfections were that it didn't talk much about philosophy outside of Europe. It did mention Eastern philosophy a bit, but not enough. I won't hold this against the book much though because it was already quite long and I think if the author tried to talk about every type of philosophy it would reach a ridiculous length and cause the plot to move along way too slowly. The cover should say "a novel about the history of WESTERn philosophy" then. The author did spend a long time on certain parts, like Romanticism, and gave other areas a rushed treatment, like the Enlightenment thinkers I guess. The part about Hegel's theory of history and the "world spirit" really stood out to me. I guess it was all necessary for the plot. I like how the author included stuff about feminism, but it was sad that they didn't include much about other cultures. The Native Americans were called "primitive people" :( , and hardly any non-Europeans were mentioned. Once again though, this omission was probably necessary to move the plot along, and the setting of the Nordic countries and the general descriptions of the culture were awesome enough. One more flaw was that at times in got super unrealistic. I don't know how the mother could have been so chill with Sophie always going out to visit a random philosopher.  I don't know how she just allowed her only daughter to do a disappearing act at the garden party. 

I would recommend this book to anyone for its incredibly unique writing style and as an awesome intro to philosophy.

View all my reviews

So Frypania, it seems that my Goodreads account has been linked to my blog and is automatically posting my book reviews for me. Wonderful! 

Friday, May 5, 2017

Shameless Self-Promotoion of my Worthless Creations

I haven't updated this blog in like four months because I am degenerate af. I also am too lazy to write anything decent right now, so I'm just going to use this post to highlight some drawings I've made recently and some poetry I've written. Do you think it would be cool if I made videos of myself reciting the poetry like some cool spoken word artists I know do? Let me know if you would like that.  The purpose of this post will mostly be to show my followers that I'm not dead. The pressure of school and the weight of existence have just prevented me from posting anything here. I'll never abandon this blog though. I hope this art will help to justify my absence. 

General Updates to the Blog 

I've made some layout changes, although this blog still looks like a website from the 90s. It used to be a bright lime green and orange colour, but I changed it to a dark navy blue, grey-green, and grey. The theme used to incorporate frying pans, but now it incorporates rainforests and mysterious Mayan ruins. I think that matches my personality more. Blogger has released new templates that look super modern, but I'm scared to implement the minimalist designs for now. Eventually I'll have to change the layout to one of the new templates to keep up with the modern bloggers. Maybe I'll even be able to look as good as a Tumblr blog. 

Before 



After 




Possible change 

Image result for modern blog template

There are also tabs at the top of the page which link to my DeviantArt and written works, but I assume people will be too lazy to check those out, so I guess I'll just dump all my recent good stuff here. 

Australian Aborigines 

Their culture has fascinated me and I will continue to read about them. Here is a poem I wrote inspired by them, called "the Nomad's Walkabout": 
The nomad wanders through the desert,

Many things can hurt him.

His tribe is nowhere to be seen and all he has is a boomerang to hunt with,

He must wander from waterhole to waterhole,

He sings as he does so,

As if it would make the waterhole appear faster,

As though he was born singing.

Perhaps the first language of humans was in song as we learned to imitate the calls of birds,

As the nomad is now doing with the voice of a kookaburra.

He comes across the nest of an echidna but he can not eat it though his stomach rumbles,

The echidna is the totemic symbol of his tribe, after all,

He kills a wallaby instead,

The nomad wanders through the desert,

Many things can hurt him.

He must survive in the desert for many weeks alone,

Only then will he be allowed to return to his tribe,

Only then will he be permitted to start a family,

He needs to prove his adulthood,

Such is the way of the ancient walkabout.

The nomad wanders through the desert,

Many things can hurt him.

He takes out his didgeridoo and begins to blow a long, echoing note as lonely as the world around him,

He believes all problems can be solved by walking,

The nomad's way of life was already old when the pyramids were being built in Egypt,

But he keeps an ancient world alive,

The nomad is overwhelmed by the desire to walk.

He's never had such freedom before.

He wants to see the whole world and walk until the point where the orange sky meets the golden dunes.

The nomad wanders through the desert,

Many things can hurt him.

Wandering is in the blood of every human.

It is one of our most suppressed instincts.

Even a mother goose abandons her fledglings if 
they can't migrate with her,

The desire to fly becomes more important than her love for her offspring.

The nomad is me.

I can not sit still as long as there are places to see and worlds within this world,

As long as there are beautiful cultures.

You do not really understand the worth of humans until you travel.

Wanderlust is the most dangerous type of lust.

The nomad wanders through the desert,

Many things can hurt him.
I've been occupied these days by wondering about different cultures and wanting to know how they think. Here is a charcoal drawing I made of a didgeridoo player: 

The Mexica and other Nican Tlaca

Indigenous people of the Americas are my favourite thing. Here are some drawings I have made: 










Here are some cross stitches: 



National Romanticism 

After reading about the history of European thought, the cultural epoch that stood out to me the most was National Romanticism. Here is a poem that I wrote inspired by all that called "the World Spirit": 

The lyre has been left outside by the musician who plays in the forest, 
now it plays a ghostly chain of notes as the wind blows across its strings, 

Waves gently reach the shore, 
as a scientist is reduced to a child gathering shells on a beach, 
just mere shells washed up from the vast, infinite sea of knowledge,

The mountains stand proudly, 
and many artists have wandered that way, 
failing to capture the immutable forms of the eternally beautiful snow capped peaks, 

An enchanting flower unfurls its petals, 
as a poem unfurls its lines, 

and the whole universe is contained within everything, 
inside every tree are mysterious woods on which hundreds of stories of lost children and talking animals can be written,

all of us are capable of of wondering about the starry heavens above us, 
being outraged by injustice because of the moral law within us, 

History is just the journey of the collective human spirit, 
evil ideas were conceived but they did not know the power we have, the strength we have to survive, 
and as the hatred grew stronger so did our resistance,
we learned to stand up for Truth, 
that Good and Evil aren't subjective, 
they are innate knowledge, 
which is why those who stand silent in the face of Evil are part of the Evil themselves! 

Within every culture the World Spirit reflects itself, 
in the hearts of the nomadic and the settled, 
all cultural groups of the human race know what is wrong,
and they punish wrongdoers, 
they must punish the evil members of their own culture most severely, 
to keep pure their nation and their descendants, 
for no nation can be great until it acknowledges its flaws and rights its past wrongs, 
takes responsibility, 

The World Spirit does not freeze to death in the Arctic, nor dehydrate in the Sahara desert, 
it lives everywhere humans live, 
manifesting itself in tribes and nation-states, 

It beckons us to stick to our internal moral law, 
even if you stand alone, you must stand!
Forgive but do not forget! Do not be weak! 

and if you feel powerless, 
voiceless, 
hopeless, 
and melancholic, 
if they silence you or if you see others oppressed and feel guilty for being free yet being useless, 
if you feel yourself being driven to madness by pondering the world's condition, 
then let wanderlust be your source of healing, 
and travel far from the eyes of humans, 
and listen to birdsong, 
and dress as nomads do, 
and listen to waterfalls, 
and see that even in that atmosphere of divine sublimity, 
predators still hunt prey and natural selection occurs, 

Lean over the clear pool of water not yet polluted by your kind, 
and see through to the bottom, 
to the fish, 

Now your hands have made a ripple, 
and to the edges of the water it will spread, 
and to the ends of the earth your good deeds will spread, 
your name shall not be forgotten, 
and the evil will forever tremble at the sound of your name as it rings throughout the ages.

I really like that grey green colour now, after having been on DeviantArt for so long. 

Other notable creations 

This attempt at a sonnet:

Behind your world the silver shadows flow,
Under your great resplendent wings
the shadows would be all that most would know,
had they not met the sage above all kings

Your words knew no eloquence but the truth,
Saved hordes from drowning in a sea of lies,
The confusion only your help could soothe,
made me become enchanted with your eyes,

Waiting for my knight in shining armor,
was replaced by a more hopeless desire, 
to win the people's fine dragon slayer,
The sin of lust had scorched my soul like fire,

I wanted this lord of humanity,
never to see me as ordinary.

I like drawing cute couples sometimes:




That's all for today, folks.